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Listen-Read-Discuss: A few Common Teaching Methods to Analyze

One of the more popular outcomes of web quests has come to be known as the wisdom of crowds. This is based on: The Wisdom of Crowds: Why the Many Are Smarter Than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business, Economies, Societies and Nations, first published in 2004, is a book written by James Surowiecki about the aggregation of information in groups, resulting in decisions that, he argues, are often better than could have been made by any single member of the group (Wikipedia). Below is a SELECT button that eventually will contain many methods, for the moment only the LRD is available as it appears in one textbook on Content Area Literacy. You are invited to use the TORC Rubric to estimate its instructional power. We look forward to adding your appraisal. We also welcome other submissions of Teaching Means & Methods to this early stage Listing of Teaching Methods.

*Listen-Read-Discuss: A Self-Initializing Method

The Listen-Read-Discuss (L-R-D) method was created as a "starter" method for bridging from traditional instruction to a more interactive approach. Traditional reading-based instruction typically begins by having students read the assignment, listen to a brief lecture or overview by the teacher, and then discuss their responses to questions. The L-R-D simply inverts the first two steps.

Effective learning, including learning how to be an effective teacher, needs something to get it started, something to keep it going, and something to keep it from becoming random or misguided (Bruner, 1971). The L-R-D method (Manzo & Casale, 1985) tends to meet these requirements for both teachers and students. It is a simple lesson design that can be tried almost immediately and that offers several variations that can be phased in as a personal program of professional development. The L-R-D is a heuristic, or hands-on, activity designed to induce self-discovery about effective teaching by teachers and about effective learning by students.

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